The hottest made in China 2025 how to drive robots

2022-08-21
  • Detail

How to "control" robots at the "made in China 2025" gate

countries with developed industry have experienced in the application of robots, which involve industry, agriculture and military. In the 2025 outline of making it clear that Chinese made cars will create a more sustainable and healthier environment in the future, China also clearly puts forward the need to vigorously develop the robot industry, what opportunities can be brought by developing the robot industry, and how to control robots is the current problem

with countries all over the world promoting the development and application of robots in industry, agriculture, service industry and other fields, China also officially defined the development goal of the robot industry in recent years last month: to form a leading enterprise with international competitive strength and supporting industrial clusters. And how to effectively make efforts in the robot manufacturing industry, add weight to the made in China 2015, and thus narrow the distance with the world manufacturing power, has become the focus of current countries and enterprises

what are the dividends of robot development

2015 is the best time and the most critical year for the development of industrial robots in China. The continuous influx of national policy dividends, the continuous release of the demand for industrial transformation and upgrading under the requirements of made in China 2025, and the resulting capital's attention and investment in the robot market, coupled with the continuous weakening of the demographic dividend, have jointly created a big pie in the development of the robot man career

first of all, from the perspective of national policy dividends, it is not difficult to find that the government has frequently expressed its determination in the development of robots

especially on the 18th of last month, the State Council issued "made in China 2025", which officially put the development of key areas such as robots into the roadmap of the dream of making China a powerful country. Prior to this, the State Council and national ministries and commissions have also issued relevant policies for many times to promote the research and development of key core technologies and the industrialized application of robots; The Ministry of industry and information technology has also continued to say that robot automation will be an important tool to achieve the goal of made in China 2025

take the guidance on promoting the development of industrial robot industry issued by the Ministry of industry and information technology as an example, which clearly points out that China will form a relatively perfect industrial robot industry system by 2020. The specific development goals are: to cultivate leading enterprises and supporting industrial clusters with international competitiveness; The technological innovation ability and international competitiveness of the industrial robot industry and enterprises have been significantly enhanced, the market share of high-end products has increased to more than 45%, and the robot density (the number of robots per 10000 employees) has reached more than 100, basically meeting the needs of national defense construction, national economy and social development

at the call of the state, major cities across the country have also launched a vigorous robot great leap forward movement, and robot industrial parks have sprung up. Taking Guangdong as an example, the "three-year action plan for industrial transformation and upgrading in Guangdong Province (year)" was first issued in March this year, which clearly stated that it would take the opportunity of informatization and intelligent manufacturing to promote industrial and economic transformation and upgrading, and a total of 1950 Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size would be launched to carry out machine replacement within three years

the guidance and support of national and local policies for robot development has opened up a broad road for relevant production enterprises and individual entrepreneurs committed to relevant technology research and development. This has also attracted great attention and investment from the capital market. Since made in China 2025 was written into the government work report, robot concept stocks in the A-share market have been pushed to the wind. In less than three months, there are 31 robots in the two cities. Now they have increased by 1000 times to the PPT level, and the concept stocks have doubled

at the same time, with the rapid rise of labor costs in China, it will become an inevitable way out and choice for enterprises to shift the existing manufacturing mode from manpower to mechanization

in recent years, although the average wage of our manufacturing industry is still at a low level compared with that of developed countries; However, the wage growth rate has maintained a high double-digit growth. Among them, the average wage of manufacturing industry in urban units increased by 14% annually, and the wage of manufacturing industry in private units also increased similarly. The national minimum wage has also increased by more than 80% since the global financial crisis. Moreover, while wages have increased rapidly, our labor productivity has shown signs of falling. If we compare the growth rate of unit labor cost priced in solid disk dollars, the difference between China and major trading countries has been very obvious. The continuous growth of unit labor costs in local currency, coupled with the significant appreciation of the RMB, has made the growth rate of unit labor costs in dollar denominated China much higher than that of other economies. Since the peak of China's current account surplus accounting for 10% of GDP in 2007, its cumulative increase has exceeded 60%. This also makes enterprises actively or passively favor robots

here, we use the cost of robots to calculate a simple economic account. Take the Yangtze River Delta as an example, a worker is calculated at an annual cost of 50000. Two workers work in three shifts, that is, six workers, and the annual wage cost is about 300000; Plus social security, it will cost more than 1 million yuan in three-year return on investment period. With such cost input, we can buy robots. Similarly, some enterprises that are the first to eat crabs have tasted the benefits of robots

the development direction of China's industrial robots

looking at home and abroad, the development of robot manufacturing can be said to be an undoubted blue ocean. However, this does not mean that you can go anywhere safely, especially for novices on the road, it is particularly important to recognize the direction. Here, let's take a look at the main application fields of industrial robots in the world at present

in the Americas, the main demand for industrial robots is concentrated in the automobile and auto parts manufacturing industry, accounting for 61%; The second is the metal manufacturing industry including machinery, electronic and electrical industry, rubber and plastic industry. In Asia, the demand for industrial robots is mainly concentrated in the automobile and auto parts manufacturing industry, accounting for 33%; The second is the electronic and electrical industry, accounting for 31%; Then there is the rubber and plastic industry, including the metal manufacturing industry of survival and household appliances

from the above scale chart, it can be seen that no matter in America or Asia, the most widely used industrial robots are not in the automobile and auto parts manufacturing industry. As the most widely used field of industrial robots in the world, China has unparalleled market space in the automobile and its parts manufacturing industry in other countries in the world. As the largest automobile consumption and production market in the world, China's automobile industry has undoubtedly become the industry with the most robots, accounting for about 40% of the total number of robots in the world

at the same time, China's industrial robots are also widely used in electrical and electronic, chemical and other industrial fields. Especially since last year, the application scope of industrial robots has continued to expand, such as rail transit, low-voltage electrical appliances, electric power, IC equipment, military industry and many other industries; And some emerging middle and low-end markets, such as construction machinery and traditional labor-intensive markets, have production links and space for industrial robots to replace labor

according to the report of China robot industry alliance, in 2014, about 57000 industrial robots were sold in the Chinese market, an increase of 55% over the previous year, accounting for about a quarter of global sales, and became the world's largest industrial robot market for two consecutive years. Among them, domestic enterprises sold 16945 sets, an actual increase of 76.6% over the previous year; Foreign funded enterprises sold about 40000 sets in China, an increase of 47% over the previous year. Foreign capital products are mainly concentrated in automotive, electronic manufacturing and other fields; Domestic robots have accelerated the expansion of the application market, and have widely served the national economy. While improving the quality level of household appliances, 67 industries have great potential in many market segments

however, at present, the robot density in the Chinese market is far lower than that in developed countries. The number of industrial robots per 10000 industrial workers in China is only 25, which is incomparable with 347 in South Korea and 339 in Japan, and even less than half of the international average of 58. It is far from the national goal of using more than 100 robots per 10000 employees by 2020. However, rather than saying that the low density of robots is our disadvantage, it has created huge market potential and space for our next development.

according to incomplete statistics, by the end of 2014, more than 70 listed companies had merged or invested in robots and intelligent automation projects, and the number of robot related enterprises in China has exceeded 4000. This shows that more and more enterprises are committed to the development and manufacturing of robots; At the same time, based on cost and efficiency, more enterprises choose to use robots for action production

How can enterprises grasp the dividends of robot development

recognize the direction and have a definite aim

first of all, not every field can use robots to replace manpower. Although people do not have the high precision of robots, they are adaptable; Therefore, in some fields, if it is operated by robots, it will appear very complex, and a lot of sensors will be added; And only when the amount of information is large enough, it can be digitized, but in many application fields, data modeling is not possible. Secondly, not every industry that needs robots has the same market capacity. Therefore, for enterprises or entrepreneurs entering the robot industry, it is the most ideal way to find large industries and specialized markets, that is, to learn from the concept of Apple's product line to layout the robot industry

at the current stage, the main force to promote the development of the robot industry is still in the automotive industry. However, this situation will change in the next few years, especially the general manufacturing industry, especially the electronic industry, will rise rapidly and become the main force to promote the development of the robot industry. It is predicted that the domestic robot system integration market will reach 200billion yuan by 2020, including 140billion yuan in general manufacturing industry and 60billion yuan in automobile industry. In the next five years, the automation demand of general manufacturing industry will grow rapidly, and the market demand will significantly exceed that of the automotive industry, accounting for 70% of the market

practice internal skills and improve technology

in the traditional high-tech industry, due to the lack of self-developed core technology, China's inferior position in international competition is self-evident. In order not to repeat the historical mistakes, only by increasing the investment in technology research and development and improving the strength of technology research and development, can domestic related enterprises better seize the international market while maintaining their own one acre of land in the next market competition

in terms of current industrial robot manufacturing, the reducer accounts for the highest proportion of its cost, accounting for about 35%; The servo motor accounts for about 25%, the controller accounts for about 15%, and the robot body accounts for less than 25% of the total cost. Therefore, if you do not master the core technology, the profit space that ontology robot enterprises can control is very limited

once the purchase price of the core components of our industrial robots is much higher than that of international brand industrial robots, the price competitiveness delivered to the terminal will be very weak; If we fall back, we will fall

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI