The most popular way to encourage independent inno

2022-08-05
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On november19,2005, President Hu Jintao proposed in his speech at the APEC Business Leaders' summit held in Busan, South Korea that China would strengthen intellectual property protection and continue to contribute to the sustained growth of Global trade. Premier Wen Jiabao also pointed out in his concluding speech at the Zhuhai enterprise Symposium on September 10 this year that if we want to encourage independent innovation, we must protect intellectual property rights, which is a national development strategy. The speeches of the president and the prime minister made us excited and excited

over the past 20 years of reform and opening up, a considerable number of policies in China are almost all about the protection of property rights, which has led China from the brink of economic collapse in the late Cultural Revolution to today's initial prosperity. Today, we stand at a higher level to protect intellectual property. If we can reach the legal level, recognizing that the property rights and values of intellectual property should be equal to property rights, and recognizing that the protection of intellectual property should also be equal to the protection of property rights, then more and more people will strive to explore, so as to produce more and more original inventions and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises and countries. It can be predicted that in 20 to 30 years, China will move from its initial prosperity to its real prosperity

in the past, our positioning of intellectual property rights was basically placed under foreign trade to solve trade frictions. It is generally believed that it is a sharp weapon used by the west to curb China's development. Therefore, in order to oppose western technological hegemony, we are more likely to explain it to the West than really understand its important strategic significance for China's future development. I believe that intellectual property rights must be promoted as a national strategy necessary for our national development, changing defense and interpretation into our own initiative to establish an intellectual property system, including paying attention to development, intellectual property accumulation, intellectual property transformation and intellectual property protection. Without strict protection of intellectual property rights, and without protection to enable original inventors to enjoy the benefits they deserve, no one will go forward to explore and struggle, and there will be no original inventions. Without the original inventions of a large number of Chinese companies, China will never enter the "highland club" and will always be controlled by others. In this way, it is Chinese enterprises with development potential that are really hurt, not western enterprises. Because the core intellectual property rights of western enterprises cannot be infringed. First, they are not in China. Second, they are only used for trade protection. In China, the protection of intellectual property rights is extremely strict, both in terms of legal penalties and administrative measures. Few people dare to steal their technical secrets. Trade protection only makes them lose some profits. However, the situation of Chinese enterprises is different. If there is no strict legal protection of intellectual property rights, or if there is a law, it cannot be cured, and the law does not form a deterrent, then the core intellectual property rights of these Chinese companies are very easy to be stolen, thus making them lose their competitiveness. Many companies will no longer have the impulse to invest in original inventions. In the long run, they will lose the core competitiveness of enterprises and the whole country

in history, the Chinese nation is a nation rich in creativity. There are countless fantastic ideas, and it is easy to produce original inventions. If there is good policy guidance and legal environment, China may not be a big country in science and technology in a few decades. We are a country lacking in natural resources. China's road to prosperity depends only on education and high-knowledge industries that consume less resources, so as to exchange the surplus capital of other countries for our professional service sources. If we do not protect intellectual property as we do property rights, this goal will not be achieved. Why did the quintessence of traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, martial arts and so on be inherited and handed down separately in the past? It is because there is no system to protect intellectual property rights that the whole society lacks such awareness. Now India has applied for 1500 copyrights for yoga postures. The reason why China's software industry is difficult to catch up with India in the short term is also because software is a product that is very easy to be stolen and embezzled, and India has an extremely strict intellectual property protection environment

the patent system originated in Britain. In 1236, Henry III granted a citizen of Bordeaux the privilege of making several kinds of cloth for 15 years. In 1474, the Republic of Venice issued the world's first patent law. In 1624, Britain promulgated the monopoly law, which is the first formal and complete patent law in the world. The core of the patent system is to encourage inventors to disclose their technology to the society by giving the patentee exclusive rights for a period of time (such as 20 years), so as to achieve the purpose of inheriting and sharing inventions for mankind. In fact, it is to solve the problem of balancing private rights and public rights. At the same time, the disclosure of patents can avoid a large number of repeated research and the waste of social resources. People can inspire each other and develop higher-level technical achievements on this basis. According to the statistics of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), more than 90% of human inventions and creations can be obtained from the literature of patent technology disclosure, and more than 70% of the latest inventions and creations can only be obtained from the literature of patent technology disclosure. U.S. President Lincoln himself is an inventor. His understanding of the patent system has always been regarded as a classic. He said that "the patent system adds oil of interest to the fire of wisdom". The establishment and development of the patent system will inevitably lead to the economy in full swing. The industrial revolution in the 18th century was often described as Watt's invention of the steam engine and Stevenson's invention of the train. In fact, it was the result of various political system reforms in Britain at that time. Without these institutional reforms, those inventions that have a significant impact on human progress will not be continuously and positively stimulated. It is impossible to turn an invention into a flourishing crop on the saline alkali land. Britain gave full play to the collective role of Parliament, which was very beneficial to the establishment of the system at that time. These systems fostered the manufacturing environment. Therefore, the industrial revolution is bound to break out in Britain, not elsewhere. In the 1990s, Silicon Valley, which the world respected, was such a phenomenon. By promoting legal protection to create inventions, inventors will realize their dream of becoming rich overnight, and millions of inventors will be put into the meat grinder like crazy people to fight. This kind of overwhelming and successive "green sorting" can be launched in the comprehensive sorting of e-commerce platforms. It will be a desperate effort to succeed. This trend of striving for money and inventing for wealth has made Silicon Valley a valley of diamonds at the end of the last century. Because, as long as you have inventions, you will be strictly protected by the law. Others do not come to steal your technology, but to invest and cooperate with you with money and resources. The myth of Silicon Valley has become a thing of the past along with the it foam, but the innovation spirit of Silicon Valley will remain forever in the United States, and the United States will continue to lead the world in the high-tech field

since China established the policy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, China's science, technology and education have achieved great development. China is gradually transforming its population advantage into a talent advantage. While the party and the government advocate independent innovation and enhance national strength, more and more attention has been paid to the protection of intellectual property rights. It is believed that China will make great progress in the next 20 or 30 years

however, we should clearly realize that the growth process of basic patents is very long and difficult. The formation of basic patents takes a long time. We should endure loneliness and be willing to be indifferent. Being impatient will delay things. The formation of basic patents is Rome was not built in a day. Even the growth process of applied basic patents will take at least 7-8 years. The time for the formation of basic basic patents is even longer. It takes a long time from the fact that there is no such thing in the world to your discovery and study of its theories and laws, and then gradually to be understood and recognized by people. It is often some forerunners who first realize a truth, and people can not quickly understand their insights at first. Even those who were engaged in these inventions were not understood by people, and even ridiculed by people. They could not increase their wages and were poor. However, the truth is sometimes in the hands of a few people. These prescient minority people are often very painful. They treat their discoveries as devoutly as religion, but very few people agree with them. Maybe their theories were published and the stone fell into the sea. Maybe it took years for people to see the Pearl, and even hundreds of years for people to remember. Only then did their research have an effect on science and technology and become invaluable

there have been countless such examples in history. In 1958, Shanghai No. 1 post and Telecommunications Institute proposed cellular wireless communication, which is the foundation of modern mobile communication. In the 1950s, Chinese scientist wuzhonghua invented the three-dimensional flow theory of turbomachinery, which laid the theoretical foundation of jet turbofan engine, which is the foundation of modern aviation. These theories did not take effect until twenty or thirty years later. But at that time, we didn't realize its value and didn't apply for a patent. Mendel and Morgan, the missionaries who counted peas, put forward the genetic theory. After more than 40 years, the West began to understand the significance of the theory. After a while of noise, they were silent again for decades because they did not know its role. Mendel's missionary status has been frozen by us for decades. Today we have just begun to actively enter this field. If cloning is also granted a patent right, how much impact will this British invention have on the industrialization of genetics in the future! It can be seen that it took oneortwo decades for people to realize that genes might be useful

in science and technology, especially in basic theory, we should be patient. We should not be impatient for success and encourage others. If you are too eager for quick success, you will lose many opportunities

it should be said that the inventors listed above are very lucky. After all, their inventions, like Van Gogh's paintings, have finally been recognized by people for their value. Among these pioneers, there were many more who did not see the social value of what they had dedicated their lives to. We can't respect them until we see the value! If there is no universally recognized incentive, there will be no successive people to explore and create inventions. Therefore, we must respect intellectual property rights, whether they are our own, others', Chinese or foreign. This is of strategic significance for China to become a major country in science and technology in the future

although some inventions cannot be evaluated by commercial value, their great significance to mankind should be affirmed by the country and the people. For example, high-temperature disinfection is a simple invention. However, it was indeed a great invention in the 18th century. It saved countless lives. Pasteur, a French scientist, grew up in an era of war in Europe. A large number of wounded soldiers died of infection. At that time, people did not know that it was caused by bacteria. The surgical knife and wound wrapping cloth were not disinfected. One end of the steel bar to be bent was inserted into the fixed gap. During Pasteur's research on turning beer into acid, he found that high temperature could kill bacteria, thus avoiding a large number of deaths. When

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