The most popular way to drive the global value cha

2022-07-26
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Intelligent manufacturing drives the global value chain to climb

intelligent manufacturing is the general trend of global industrialization and a key factor in reshaping industrial competitiveness among countries. Throughout the course of industrial development, it is the unremitting pursuit of mankind to continuously improve the intelligent level of production. For China, accelerating the development of intelligent manufacturing is an important measure to seize the commanding height of future development, promote supply side structural reform, and accelerate the construction of a manufacturing power. In the future, it is necessary to take intelligent manufacturing as the main direction of China's manufacturing transformation and upgrading, adhere to the principle that business owners, even the touch, are the same as wood materials, and the government promotes it, strive to improve the safety and controllability of key technology and equipment, strive to enhance the basic support ability, strive to improve the level of integrated application, strive to explore and cultivate new models, strive to create a good development environment, and contribute to the cultivation of new drivers of economic growth Create new competitive advantages in China's manufacturing industry and lay a solid foundation for building a manufacturing power

China's manufacturing transformation faces important opportunities

looking at the world today, whoever occupies the core link of the value chain will control the global value flow. In recent years, the new scientific and technological revolution and industrial revolution are in the ascendant, bringing profound adjustment and revolutionary impact to the world industrial technology and division of labor. Intelligent manufacturing has become the core of a new round of global manufacturing reform. Major countries and regions around the world have stepped up planning and layout, and actively participated in the re division of global manufacturing. The United States has formulated the national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing, which aims to vigorously promote the strategic layout of intelligent manufacturing characterized by "industrial interconnection" and "new generation robots". As an advocate of industry 4.0, Germany intends to lead the formulation of industry 4.0 standards such as smart factories. While Japan promotes the construction of "super intelligent society", it is committed to solving various social and economic problems caused by the small number of children, aging and lack of resources through the development of intelligent manufacturing and related technologies, so as to reshape the new competitive advantage of its manufacturing industry

after more than 30 years of rapid development of reform and opening up, China has become a real manufacturing country. The manufacturing industry ranks first in the world in terms of scale, accounting for more than 20% of the world's added value, and has become an important participant in the global value chain. However, on the whole, the characteristics of made in China are still obvious, the independent innovation ability is relatively weak, the core parts, key raw materials and major equipment are highly dependent on foreign countries, the resource consumption is large, the low-end capacity is surplus, the high-end supply is obviously insufficient, and the industry as a whole is still at the middle and low end of the global manufacturing chain. In recent years, with the gradual disappearance of the demographic dividend, the continuous rise of factor costs and the weakening of traditional comparative advantages, how to realize the transformation from a low value-added, labor-intensive model to a high value-added, high-tech model, and how to realize the transformation of old and new kinetic energy has become an important issue facing China's manufacturing industry

looking back on the development of the world economy, each industrial revolution always brings about a substantial increase in labor productivity and a great change in the mode of production. At the same time, it also provides an important opportunity for late developing countries to "overtake at a curve"

intelligent manufacturing is a new production mode based on the deep integration of the new generation of information and communication technology and advanced manufacturing technology, which runs through all links of manufacturing activities such as design, production, management and service. It has the functions of self perception, self-learning, self decision-making, self execution and self adaptation. Intelligent manufacturing is not only the breakthrough and application of a single technology and equipment, but also relies on the deep integration and integration of manufacturing technology and information technology, such as intelligent equipment, digital design, production automation, modern management, and standardized marketing services, to create new added value. With the application of sensor, IOT, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies, intelligent manufacturing can achieve seamless connection between equipment, equipment and factories, between factories, between upstream and downstream enterprises in the supply chain, and between enterprises and users. Enterprises can more accurately predict users' needs, conduct flexible production according to users' diversified and personalized needs, and monitor the whole production process in real time, Realize low-cost customized services

the transformation of manufacturing industry to intelligent manufacturing will generate a large number of demands for intelligent equipment, intelligent sensors, new materials, industrial software systems and related services, which can form a new industrial growth point. More importantly, with the high-end and personalized needs of users and the growing demand for value-added services, whether to meet the personalized, diversified and changeable market demand at a lower cost will become the key to the success or failure of enterprises. With the help of new production and business models, intelligent manufacturing can realize the dynamic matching between manufacturing and diversified market demand, which is conducive to reducing excess capacity and inventory, which is highly consistent with the target direction of supply side structural reform. At the same time, China also has favorable conditions for developing intelligent manufacturing. On the one hand, China has the world's largest manufacturing industry and a complete manufacturing system, providing a huge market space for the development of intelligent manufacturing; On the other hand, China's Internet industry is developed, and leading Internet enterprises have formed strong technical capabilities in the fields of big data and cloud computing, providing a technical foundation for the development of intelligent manufacturing

under the current situation of the transformation of domestic development momentum and the intensification of international competition, accelerating the development of intelligent manufacturing is not only a strategic choice to seize the commanding heights of future economic and technological development, but also helps to offset the impact of rising labor costs. It is of great strategic significance to create new competitive advantages in China's manufacturing industry, achieve "overtaking at corners" and move towards a manufacturing power. To this end, made in China 2025 lists promoting the deep integration of informatization and industrialization as an important task for the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, and clearly proposes to accelerate the formulation of intelligent manufacturing technology standards, develop intelligent manufacturing equipment and products, and promote the intellectualization of the manufacturing process

intelligent upgrading still faces challenges

due to the late start of China's industrialization, the relatively weak technology accumulation, and the significant gap between the industrialization capacity of advanced technology and the industrial power, the intelligent upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is facing a series of challenges

first, the development level of China's manufacturing industry is uneven. Compared with developed countries such as the United States, Japan and Germany, the development of China's manufacturing industry is uneven in different regions, industries and enterprises. Some leading enterprises in the industry have begun intelligent exploration, but most of them are still in the stage of electrification, automation and even mechanization. In the future, China's manufacturing industry still has a long way to go to fully realize informatization, networking and intelligence

second, the intelligent software and hardware field lacks independent research and development technology. In important fields, industrial sensors, servo motors, high-end chips and other key components are mainly imported, which seriously restricts the development of intelligent equipment and intelligent manufacturing in China. The lack of independent intellectual property rights in China's industrial software has led to the lack of long-term R & D accumulation of key process flows and industrial technology data, which has restricted the improvement of the overall level of intelligent manufacturing to a certain extent

third, intelligent manufacturing is still in the primary application stage. In China, the integrated effect of intelligent manufacturing has not yet appeared. It is reported that only 16% of Chinese enterprises have entered the application stage of intelligent manufacturing; From the perspective of the economic benefits of intelligent manufacturing, two key technologies of carbon fiber composites have attracted the attention of OEMs. 52% of enterprises have a contribution rate of less than 10% of their intelligent manufacturing revenue

and the comparison of the characteristics of the samples to be analyzed can be completed through the superposition and partial expansion of the measurement curves. Fourth, the intelligent manufacturing standard and the network information security foundation are weak. To develop intelligent manufacturing, it is necessary to realize the whole process, all-round and real-time interconnection and information sharing among factories, workshops, equipment, products and users, so as to achieve a high degree of network coordination in R & D and design, production and manufacturing, operation management and after-sales service, and put forward higher requirements for the standardization of networks, equipment and applications. At present, the unified intelligent manufacturing standard system in China has not been established, which restricts the comprehensive integration, interconnection and information sharing of intelligent products, equipment and services in China

fifth, there is a shortage of high-quality compound talents. From the perspective of operation and management, Chinese enterprises lack leading figures with foresight and high-level professionals in R & D, market development and financial management. From the perspective of the workforce, enterprises generally have the following problems: 1. On the one hand, there are more upper and internal lining technicians and less senior technicians by moving outward; There are many traditional technicians and few knowledge technicians; The phenomenon that there are many technicians with single skills and few complex technicians, and the low comprehensive quality of employees restrict the application and promotion of intelligent manufacturing system to a certain extent. In addition, there is a shortage of senior professionals involved in the formulation of intelligent manufacturing standards, international negotiations, laws and regulations, etc., which needs our attention

climb to the high end of the global value chain

manufacturing industry is the main body of the national economy, the foundation of the country, the instrument of rejuvenating the country and the foundation of a powerful country. In the face of the "double squeeze" on China's real economy caused by the "Reindustrialization" of developed countries and the low cost of developing countries, we should seize the strategic opportunities brought by the new technological revolution and industrial revolution, and use intelligent manufacturing to lead Chinese manufacturing to the high-end of the global value chain

first, promote the independent R & D and industrialization of common key technologies in the intelligent manufacturing industry, and improve the control of key links in the value chain. Focus on the core and key links of intelligent manufacturing such as perception, control, decision-making and execution, break through the key technologies such as various industrial sensors that restrict the development of intelligent manufacturing, and enhance the ability of digital and software control; Research and develop key equipment such as industrial robots and additive manufacturing equipment with independent intellectual property rights, supplement the shortcomings of industrial digital transformation, and comprehensively improve the industrialization level of intelligent manufacturing

secondly, increase the support for the development of domestic industrial software industry, and promote the development, promotion and application of industrial software, especially the intelligent manufacturing operating system platform. Establish an industrial software industry investment fund, and increase support for basic research and development, industrialization, promotion and application of industrial software from the aspects of finance, taxation, finance, intellectual property rights, etc. Establish an industrial software alliance with industry leading enterprises as the core to create an industrial software industry ecosystem. Accelerate the formulation of industrial software industry standards, and promote the comprehensive and integrated application of industrial software in the manufacturing industry

third, accelerate the construction of standards related to intelligent manufacturing to provide strong standard support for the implementation of intelligent manufacturing. Focus on key areas, establish and improve the relevant standard system of intelligent manufacturing from the aspects of basic commonness, key technologies and key industries. Encourage enterprises and scientific research institutions in the fields of communication equipment, intelligent equipment, software development, industrial automation and system integration to jointly participate in the formulation of standards for intelligent manufacturing architecture, communication protocol, operating system platform, application interface and technology implementation, improve the openness and compatibility of relevant standards for intelligent manufacturing, and consolidate the ecological foundation of intelligent manufacturing industry

fourth, innovate the production mode and business mode, and build an intelligent manufacturing industry ecosystem with the industrial alliance mode. The new production mode and business mode of "product + service" with "consumer centered" and "demand customization + big data marketing + participation in manufacturing" brought by intelligent manufacturing require enterprises to shift from a closed value chain to an open value network. The government should encourage intelligent equipment, communication equipment industry, electronic information manufacturing enterprises, as well as software development and system

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